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Page name: Latin Classroom [Logged in view] [RSS]
2014-08-07 17:48:06
Last author: SilverFire
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Latin Classroom




Teacher: [SilverFire]


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Section 1: Intro

Unlike English, Latin is a fully inflected language. What does this mean exactly? In English to change the tense or the person (first, second, third) of a verb, for example, you have to add different words around the main verb - "I ran", "She ran", "they ran", "I am running", "She is running", etc. - but the verb itself usually remains the same. In an inflected language, all of the information about tense, mood, and person are encoded in the verb itself. e.g.: amo (I love) amat (she/he/it loves), amabam (I was loving).

In English, word order is very important in figuring out the meaning of a sentence: 'The man kicks the dog' and 'the dog kicks the man' mean two very different things. In Inflected languages, word order is not so important because, again, much of the information we gain from word order is encoded into the noun itself.

The way a verb changes to show different mood, person and tense is called conjugation. The way a noun changes in order to show its function within a sentence is called declension.

Section 2: Nouns

2.1: number
Number simply reference to whether a noun is singular (referring to one thing) or plural (referring to two or more things). Even English has this property. The standard difference between a singular and a plural in English is an addition of an 's' in the plural: The Table, The tables. In Latin it is a little more complicated because of the cases.

2.2: Cases
In the declensions of Latin nouns, there are six cases, which means that for each noun, there are a maximum of 12 possible permutations (six singular, six plural). The case indicates the syntax of a noun - the function it serves in a sentence. We will cover this in more detail momentarily.

2.3: Gender
The second quality of nouns that's important right now is gender. The idea that nouns have a gender is often fairly confusing to those who aren't familiar with such a notion, but even in English, there is a certain minute amount of gendering that still happens - ships and cars, for instance, tend to be referred to as "she". Latin has three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. It's useful to remember the gender of a noun when learning vocabulary, because the different genders decline in different ways.

Resources:


The following are Jetpunk quizzes created by [SilverFire] to help students of Latin revise noun declensions, verb conjugations and general vocabulary:

100 most common Latin words (Latin to English): http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/100028/100-most-common-latin-words-110-latin-to-english


First declension noun endings: http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/100028/latin-1st-declension

First Conjugation present tense active verb endings: http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/100028/latin-1st-conjugation-present-tense

Full conjugation (all moods and tenses) for the verb 'to be': http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/100028/latin-conjugate-esse-to-be-all-tenses-all-moods



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Back to Languages, the Elftown Academy,
or have a look at the Ancient Greek Classroom


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2003-05-15 [Silasire]: well i mean you can just do it all in one go easily in half an hour. at least the last one

2003-05-15 [Mirime]: Surely, if it is similar to the first lesson

2003-05-16 [steamcastle]: I am mild dyslexic and not English. so give me a break

2003-05-16 [AstaldoiĆ¢]: Oh... That might be the reason.

2003-05-18 [iippo]: what exactly am i supposed to mail to the teacher? my translation or just say: hey, gimme answers to exercise 1?!?!

2003-05-18 [SilverFire]: ur translation. :P

2003-06-07 [Augury]: I got it! I win, I win! Plooo!

2003-06-22 [Lavilia]: I am done (I know I am fast but I have been doing latin classes for already 4 years, so this isn't hard for me at all, it will be when the coniunctivus and the passivum and stuff are gonna come)

2003-06-22 [Sheona]: Well, congrats! I need to give others time to catch up with you, though!!!!

2003-06-23 [Lavilia]: that doesn't matter, I have plenty to do anyway

2003-07-01 [Blasdioh]: Hey, um...I'm just starting on Lesson 1, so is it okay if I just work behind the others? I should be able to catch up...

2003-07-05 [Mirime]: yah, that's fine I'm sure

2003-07-08 [Silasire]: oooh well now mirime's given her approval im sure everything is honky dory :P

2003-07-09 [Mirime]: very good Sil, you're learning....

2003-07-13 [Silasire]: i did lines

2003-07-13 [Sheona]: yeah, it's ok to catch up if you joined the class later :) That's why I left up the old stuff on another page.

2003-10-11 [Khwaish]: Sheona, can i have lesson one please?

2003-10-11 [Sheona]: If you go to the [Past Latin Lessons] and [Past Latin Vocab], you can find the first lesson there! ^_^ Let me know if you need any help.

2003-10-20 [Thraganux]: Q, how often will the instructor write new lessons?

2003-10-20 [Lavilia]: I am done! (already for a long time but I forgot to mention)

2003-10-24 [Sheona]: I'll write new lessons when people say they have finished the current one! Remember to say 'finished' next to your name near the top of the page. I'll post the answers on the page when you finish!

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