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Page name: Latin Classroom [Logged in view] [RSS]
2014-08-07 17:48:06
Last author: SilverFire
Owner: Janouk
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Latin Classroom




Teacher: [SilverFire]


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Section 1: Intro

Unlike English, Latin is a fully inflected language. What does this mean exactly? In English to change the tense or the person (first, second, third) of a verb, for example, you have to add different words around the main verb - "I ran", "She ran", "they ran", "I am running", "She is running", etc. - but the verb itself usually remains the same. In an inflected language, all of the information about tense, mood, and person are encoded in the verb itself. e.g.: amo (I love) amat (she/he/it loves), amabam (I was loving).

In English, word order is very important in figuring out the meaning of a sentence: 'The man kicks the dog' and 'the dog kicks the man' mean two very different things. In Inflected languages, word order is not so important because, again, much of the information we gain from word order is encoded into the noun itself.

The way a verb changes to show different mood, person and tense is called conjugation. The way a noun changes in order to show its function within a sentence is called declension.

Section 2: Nouns

2.1: number
Number simply reference to whether a noun is singular (referring to one thing) or plural (referring to two or more things). Even English has this property. The standard difference between a singular and a plural in English is an addition of an 's' in the plural: The Table, The tables. In Latin it is a little more complicated because of the cases.

2.2: Cases
In the declensions of Latin nouns, there are six cases, which means that for each noun, there are a maximum of 12 possible permutations (six singular, six plural). The case indicates the syntax of a noun - the function it serves in a sentence. We will cover this in more detail momentarily.

2.3: Gender
The second quality of nouns that's important right now is gender. The idea that nouns have a gender is often fairly confusing to those who aren't familiar with such a notion, but even in English, there is a certain minute amount of gendering that still happens - ships and cars, for instance, tend to be referred to as "she". Latin has three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. It's useful to remember the gender of a noun when learning vocabulary, because the different genders decline in different ways.

Resources:


The following are Jetpunk quizzes created by [SilverFire] to help students of Latin revise noun declensions, verb conjugations and general vocabulary:

100 most common Latin words (Latin to English): http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/100028/100-most-common-latin-words-110-latin-to-english


First declension noun endings: http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/100028/latin-1st-declension

First Conjugation present tense active verb endings: http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/100028/latin-1st-conjugation-present-tense

Full conjugation (all moods and tenses) for the verb 'to be': http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/100028/latin-conjugate-esse-to-be-all-tenses-all-moods



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Back to Languages, the Elftown Academy,
or have a look at the Ancient Greek Classroom


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2006-01-09 [lini]: jeej lesson 4. sorry for that comment.

2006-01-12 [Janouk]: No, you had every right to ask about it! I'll try to finish it soon, make some exercises etc., I just need to find inspiration/time ;-)

2006-10-30 [SilverFire]: Is this class still actively being taught?

2006-10-30 [Janouk]: To be honest I was taking an enormously large break, but I've been planning to start again soon.
Why, have you got questions/plans/ideas?

2006-10-30 [SilverFire]: No, not really; I take Latin at uni now, but I love sharing my knowledge, so I was just checking if the class was active, or whether I could force my random factoids onto people. :P

2006-10-30 [Janouk]: I'm just a highschool student who has now become Uni-student. So I no longer have lessons in Latin :( Therefor, I'd very much appreciate it if you had any nice addition thingies :)
I'm so sad about the fact that I don't have Latin and Greek any more...*is jealous* :p

2006-10-31 [SilverFire]: :P Gah. Wish I could take greek too, but this year. Hey, if you know Greek, make a classroom for that, damnit :P *hounds you*

2006-10-31 [Janouk]: *has an ancient Greek classroom already* :)

2006-10-31 [SilverFire]: :o I must be blind, I couldn't see a link anywhere when I checked the lists... *goes to look again*

2006-11-20 [Janouk]: I found a nice wiki page by the way: Everyday Latin Phrases.

2006-11-20 [Janouk]: Or this website: http://www.yuni.com/library/latin.html
;) I'll try to add something before the end of this month.

2007-01-30 [SilverFire]: *pokes page*

2007-01-31 [Janouk]: OMG *sobs*

2007-01-31 [SilverFire]: O.o It was only a poke.

2007-07-02 [Adela Leafshanks]: O omnipotenti dei qui caelum regunt...me sinite ambulata hos nonsacria moenia...Moenia, cadite! (I hope I said this right >_<) This is a Latin phrase I used in a story. See if anyone can figure it out. *_^

2007-07-02 [Janouk]: Sed quare moenia destruere vis? Eheu, hoc non comprehendo!

2007-07-02 [SilverFire]: Assuming the first part is 'O omnipotent gods who rule the sky', it should be more like this: O dei omnipotentes, quos(could be wrong here; relative pronoun is a bitch) caelum regunt.

2007-07-04 [Adela Leafshanks]: Yep, that's it *_^ Thanks for pointing out that relative pronoun. I need to brush up on those little things > .<
Janouk: veniam peto, meus grammatica horrendus est! Moenia destruere vis quod dei omnipotentes hos delerunt. (I hope this makes sense...)

2007-11-23 [Lin-tastic]: -timidly walks in- Hi. ^_^" I hope I'm not interupting anything. I wasn't sure if the Elftown Academy held Latin Classes...until now.

2007-11-23 [Janouk]: It's pretty dead at the moment though...But have fun walking trough the first couple of lessons ;)

2007-11-23 [Lin-tastic]: -nods- Thanks! Oh, I kinda...went ahead and made a "Latin Words" page where I write out things I should know...from the first lessons...and really, it's my notes page. XD I only got through the first lesson so far, but that's because I had to get off the computer. I hope to add more later. ^_^"

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