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<|-|draco_tp|-|Dragons - Biology, Sociology, and Magic|-|>


Grammar and Script of the Language of Dragons


Above:  Auwé, the first letter of the Draconic alphabet, and a highly spiritual icon of the major draconic religions.
The icon is shown expressed in Masterwork Manuscript Uppercase, Manuscript Lowercase, and Stonescript.

This wiki is a part of the Androntel Academy Classrooms, Dracology and Dragons - Biology, Sociology, and Magic, and it fulfills a portion of the language info from the Grammaticum Primeaval, an ancient artifact.


All Images of letters, content and information on the Draconic Alphabet is courtesy of [xido]'s creation, and copyright privileges go to him alone. Dragon Scrawls are the conceptual work of [Dr.Mandarian]. Do not copy content or imagery for non-private use.
And I hate to verbally urinate all over the content on this page, but it must be said to avoid problems with those pesky people thinking that this information is in some way 'Open Net Material'. It is not. It has a creator, who has sought representation for it in connection with Wizards of the Coast ( It is currently represented by both and xidoraven studios, under the xsnet direction of the Krewe of Harpocrates and the Draconic Clan of the Elftown Clans.

The work of Owen K. C. Stephens is available through multiple media, but will be posted here as a .pdf file (below - requires Adobe Acrobat/Reader to view - see to get the free official Reader dowload to view article.


     "The language of dragons is one of the oldest forms of communication. According to the {Great Wyrms}, it is second only to the languages of the outsiders, and all mortal tongues are descended from it. Its script was likely created long after its spoken form was standardized, as dragons have less need to write than other races. Some scholars believe Draconic script might have been influenced by dwarven runes, but the wise don’t express this opinion within hearing of a dragon."

     "Many reptilian races use crude versions of Draconic, including kobolds, lizardfolk, and troglodytes, and present this as proof of their kinship with dragons. It is equally likely that these races were once taught or enslaved by dragons, and it is even possible that they took Draconic for their own simply to make a claim to common ancestors. The Draconic script is also used when a written form is needed for the elemental languages of Auran and Ignan. Despite this, it is still difficult for someone who knows Draconic to learn the languages of air and fire creatures."

     "Slight variations exist in the Draconic that is used by the various kinds of chromatic dragons. These differences are similar to regional accents. They form no impediment to understanding, but they are sufficiently obvious for a native speaker to know whether someone learned to speak Draconic from a red or green dragon. The various metallic dragons have similar accents, but the chromatic dragons each have their own slight differences in pronunciation. In general, Draconic has not changed significantly for hundreds of years."

     "Draconic sounds harsh to most other creatures and includes numerous hard consonants and sibilants. It includes sounds that humans generally describe as hissing (sj, ss, and sv) as well as a noise that sounds a great deal like a beast clearing its throat (ach)."

     "Words that modify other words are placed before or after the word they modify. The most important modifier is always placed before, and it might be placed directly after as well if additional emphasis on the modifier is desired. A speaker of Draconic who wanted to say a big, black, evil dragon was approaching, but wanted the fact that it was evil more than anything else might say, Malsvir darastrix turalisj vutha gethrisj leirith or even Malsvir darastrix turalisj vutha malasvir gethrisj leirith."

     "Most Draconic words have emphasis placed on the first syllable. Important ideas are emphasized in spoken Draconic by stressing the beginning and end of the word. In the written form, important words are marked with a special symbol of six lines radiating outward, similar to a fireburst (*). This is most often done by dragons when referring to themselves. The dragon Karajix would pronounce his name 'KAraj-IX', and it would be written *Karajix*. This emphasis is also sometimes used when commanding, threatening, warning, or making a point."

     "Draconic has no specific word for “my” or “mine,” instead using several prefixes depending on the exact meaning. A physical object claimed as a possession by a dragon speaker would begin with veth or vethi, an individual with a relationship to the dragon (such as a friend or relative) begins with er or ethe, and all other forms of possessiveness are represented by putting ar or ari before a word. Thus for a dragon to say “my sword” or “the sword is mine” he need only say “vethicaex,” and “arirlim” translates as “my enemy.” When indicating possession by another, combine the name of the possessor with the object possessed into a single word that starts with “ar” or “ari.”" (Stephens, O. K. C., 2001)


     The Scripts of the Draconic Alphabet:

Also, see Dragon Scrawls...

The Draconic Alphabet:

<img200*0:stuff/DragonLetters1.jpg>  <img200*0:stuff/DragonLetters2.jpg>

<img200*0:stuff/DragonLetters3.jpg>  <img200*0:stuff/DragonLetters4.jpg>

Draconic Numerals:



     Dragon Names:


     Diction of Terms (Alphabetical):

     Diction of Terms (by Parts of Speech):
(Draconic) - (English - related terms) - (Parts of Speech - Subtype)


vutha - black - adjective (color)
ulhar - blue - adjective (color)
achuak - green - adjective (color)
charir - red - adjective (color)
aussir - white - adjective (color)
yrev - yellow - adjective (color)

vorel - beautiful - adjective
turalisj - big - adjective
faessi - coward - adjective
thurgix - crippled - adjective
loex - dead - adjective
levex - enchanted - adjective
irlym - enemy - adjective, noun
malsvir - evil - adjective
karif - far - adjective, adverb
thurirl - friend - adjective, noun
bensvelk - good - adjective
usk - iron - adjective
karak - last (final) - adjective, adverb, noun *
leirith - near - adjective, adverb
irthos - secret - adjective, noun
osskevekorik - slow - adjective, adverb, verb *
kosj - small - adjective
othokent - smart - adjective
zyak - so - adjective, adverb, conjunction
vyth - steel - adjective
versvesh - strong - adjective
pothoc - stupid - adjective
kaegro - undead - noun (creature), adjective
pothvim - unimportant (useless) - adjective *

karif - far - adjective, adverb
karak - last (final) - adjective, adverb, noun *
leirith - near - adjective, adverb
thric - no - adverb
osskevekorik - slow - adjective, adverb, verb *
zyak - so - adjective, adverb, conjunction
thel - this (here) - pronoun, adverb *
axun - yes - adverb
sjerit - yet - adverb

vur - and - conjunction
shar - but - conjunction
sjek - if - conjunction
thur - nor - conjunction
usv - or - conjunction
zyak - so - adjective, adverb, conjunction

baeshra - animal - noun (creature)
athear - celestial - noun (creature)
urathear - deity - noun (creature)
kothar - demon - noun (creature)
darastrix - dragon - noun (creature)
tundar - dwarf - noun (creature)
vaecaesin - elf - noun (creature)
terunt - gnome - noun (creature)
rauhiss - halfling - noun (creature)
munthrek - human - noun (creature)
ghontix - ogre - noun (creature)
ghik - orc - noun (creature)
kaegro - undead - noun (creature), adjective

thrae - air - noun (element)
edar - earth - noun (element)
ixen - fire - noun (element)
hesjing - water - noun (element)

rhyvos - cow - noun (food)
rhyaex - meat - noun (food)

waere - cave - noun (place)
caesin - forest - noun (place)
hurthi - fortress - noun (place)
okarthel - home - noun (place)
edajing - marsh - noun (place) *
verthicha - mountain - noun (place)
arux - valley - noun (place)

ir - one (a, the) - noun (number)

ierikc - century - noun (time)
kear - day - noun (time)
thurkear - night - noun (time)
earenk - tomorrow - noun (time)
eorikc - year - noun (time)

aujir - bronze - noun (wealth)
rach - copper - noun (wealth)
kethend - gem - noun (wealth)
aurix - gold - noun (wealth)
ux - platinum - noun (wealth)
orn - silver - noun (wealth)
rasvim - treasure - noun (wealth)
noach - wealth - noun (wealth)

garurt - axe - noun (weapon)
vaess - arrow - noun (weapon)
garurt - axe - noun (weapon)
vaex - bow - noun (weapon)
gix - claw - noun (weapon)
jhank - hammer - noun (weapon)
ner - spear - noun (weapon)
caex - sword - noun (weapon)
oth - tooth - noun (weapon)

litrix - armor - noun
vignar - ash - noun
waeth - bag - noun
vargach - battle - noun
iejir - blood - noun
sveargith - bravery - noun
sunathaer - cleric - noun
korth - danger - noun
sverak - darkvision - noun
irlym - enemy - adjective, noun
sauriv - eye - noun
haurach - fate - noun
lauth - few - noun, adjective (number)
achthend - food - noun
thurirl - friend - adjective, noun
vaeri - dance - noun, verb
lauth - few - noun, adjective (number)
dartak - hate - noun, verb
karak - last (final) - adjective, adverb, noun *
maekrix - leader - noun
arcaniss - magic - noun
sthyr - man - noun
throden - many - noun, adjective (number)
ominak - name - noun
martivir - peace - noun
oposs - rain - noun
ausnesalisj - salt - noun *
sjir - scroll - noun
irthos - secret - adjective, noun
sjach - shadow - noun
molik - skin (hide) - noun
miirik - song - noun
vorastrix - sorcerer - noun
isk - star - noun
ternesj - stone - noun
kepesk - storm - noun
virlym - thief - noun
vivex - victory - noun
aryte - war - noun
laraek - weapon - noun
levethix - wizard - noun
aesthyr - woman - noun
grovisv - wood - noun

svern - above - preposition
ghent - after - preposition
ghoros - before - preposition
zara - behind - preposition
vhir - below - preposition
unsinti - beside - preposition
ihk - for - preposition
persvek - in - preposition
shafaer - on - preposition
erekess - through - preposition
ekess - to - preposition
onureth - under - preposition
mrith - with - preposition

thel - this (here) - pronoun, adverb *
yth - we - pronoun
wux - you - pronoun

valeij - bleed - verb
maurg - breed - verb
durah - bribe - verb
valignat - burn - verb
vaeri - dance - noun, verb
loreat - die - verb
gixustrat - disembowel - verb
osvith - flee - verb
austrat - fly - verb
majak - give - verb
gethrisj - go - verb
dartak - hate - noun, verb
irisv - heal - verb
svent - kill - verb
thadarsh - pillage - verb
ssifisv - rest - verb
ocuir - see - verb
kurik - slaughter - verb
osskevekorik - slow - adjective, adverb, verb *
hysvear - soar - verb
renthisj - speak - verb
pok - stop - verb
clax - take - verb
ukris - talk - verb
ossalur - travel - verb
tuor - want - verb

All material copyright to its specific owners. (Stephens, O. K. C., 2001), (Thompson, R. W., 2007), & (pyre builder, 2007 *); Aarknorian dialect / glyphs - [Dr.Mandarian]

Stephens, Owen K. C., (2001). 'Dragontongue.' From Dragon Magazine, Issue #284, Paizo Publishing Company (Adobe .pdf format).

[xido] - Thompson, R. W., (2007). 'Draconic Alphabet', from Draconic Language and Script. Retrieved June 10, 2007, from this page,


Draconic Clan
Unit One :  -  Dragon Biology and Physical Features
Unit Two :  -  Draconic Personality and Sociology
Unit Three :  -  Draconic language and script
Unit Four :  -  Draconic Magic and Arcane Bloodline
Unit Five :  -  True Dragons
Earth Dragons Unit :  -  Earth Realm Dragons
Student, Scholar, Fan and Elftowner Artwork and Media Page  -  Dragon Artwork and Media

For Grammaticum Primeaval Info and studies, Draconic Writings include the Book of Dragons, which houses the writings and prophecy of the draconic bloodlines of the Selenar System and Jashnia's current eon.


Open Forum Classroom Area:
     Please feel free to post any questions, comments, stories, or activities to the comments section, and they will be responded to as more work is done for this classroom area.
     NOTE: All entries to discussion can be made in full posts to the comments field. If you cannot seem to post from outside of Elftown, please email me to let me know, at xidoraven(a)

Username (or number or email):


2007-06-02 adam: stop it vic star

2007-06-06 pyre builder: hey, i dunno if anyone still looks here for updates, but i found this site by google, i was looking for two words which i have never seen in draconic, to translate a book, "salt" and "marsh" if anyone knows where i could find these, i would love to be e-mailed at<img:stuff/dand-gif.gif>

2007-06-06 pyre builder: aw, the emotocons dont work... ^_^

2007-06-07 [xido]: I moderate and maintain the page, and I'm glad to have interested viewers. It looks like there is no currently published translation for 'salt' or 'marsh' in Draconic. Perhaps for salt, begin with 'stone' and maybe make something up a little more like a mineral or spice word in Draconic. And let us know what you decide, so we can add it to the official list.

And I can see your emoticon clearly.

2007-06-07 pyre builder: oh, ok, probably just my computer. also, i was putting your dictionary onto a word document, to use easier (ill e-mail u a copy when im done) and noticed, arrow is called the same as "kill", the draconomicon does this too, i was wondering if you could find out what it actually is? or are they the same? 4 words i made up in order to translate a poem to draconic were:
last/final: Karach
this/here: thel
unimportant/useless: pothvim

2007-06-07 [xido]: Great words. Nice work.
Let us know if you come up with any more. I would like to make this page a full synopsis of Draconic language and scripts.

2007-06-10 pyre builder: ok, xido, i am e-mailing you the word file, with all the words ive made so far in it, i will give you updated versions later.

2007-06-11 [xido]: I opened your document, but with the changes I have made to the page, I will simply add them in one by one. I will also hope to develop a more complete diction of terms. Also, the alphabet has 45 unique letter-sounds which can be utilized for more variety.

I welcome any list of words to get translations. Please include the part of speech when posting them.


2007-06-15 [xido]: Added:
last/final: Karach
this/here: thel
unimportant/useless: pothvim
salt: ausnesalisj
marsh: edajing
arrow: vaess

2007-06-25 pyre builder: sent more words, and numbers! have fun ^_^ oh, youve got "far" twice. good work!

2007-07-05 pyre builder: hello?

2007-07-07 [xido]: I got that email. I will post it soon. Also, fixed the extra 'far' in the adjective section. I need to find an easy way to compile the terms all back together in alphabetical order without messing up the formatting...

Took me a while to answer because I have been in the middle of a move... Better now, but things might still be tough... Have a few too many projects going on at once. :P

2007-07-07 [xido]: Info from pyre builder:

I noticed we only have 1 in draconic! So I made an entire numbering system. Oh, and draconic hasn't bothered with non-real numbers (pi, sigma, square root, etc) because they can either figure it out in their head easily (complex things like cubed roots, etc are easy for them.) or they don't bother. (why use math to figure out the circumference of a circle when you can magically take it apart or copy it?)

Numbers/amount: othok
1: ir
2: ri
3: ire
4: eora
5: arsik
6: hekt
7: svna
8: aract
9: ba
0: ni

Multiples of 10: pa-#-pa (90,000,000,000 can be ba-pa-ima-ni-pa (9, then ten 0's) but 30 would be irega-ni, not ire-pa-ir-pa, because the first one is shorter.)

Pre1: ima (11 would be ima-ir)
Pre2: rizge
Pre3: iredga
Pre4: eoravni
Pre5: arsana
Pre6: hekya
Pre7: svnira
Pre8: aractra
Pre9: babir
Pre0: nihi (100 is ir-nihi-ni 1000 is ir-nihi-nihi-ni)

Decimal: davit (0.17 is nihi-davit-ni-svna, below 1, any order, they are all base #'s)
Negative: nenil (-0.5 is nenil-davit-arsik)

Numbers are always written with separators.

Ras: soul
vim: part
vir: whole
marti: calm/relaxation
tuel :happiness/happy

I came up with vim by rasvim (treasure) wouldn't it make sense to a dragon to call something that precious a part of their soul?
And then vir, peace is complete calm/relaxation.

2007-07-07 [xido]: Ok, now that I have it posted here to review...

I am having a very difficult time deciphering how I am supposed to utilize your numbering system, especially since I was employing a Roman-Numeral-like system, using the following numbers as symbols written linearly in the manner Romans did:


1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1K, 5K, 10K, 50K, 100K, 500K, 1M, 5M, 10M, 50M, 100M, 500M, 1B

I posted those icons above, as well as the symbol for decimal. I will need a shorter version of each of those 'round numbers', or at least a translation of how I supposed to say it... Also, there are still letter sounds not being utilized, such as Ch, Dj (which is the often used letter for Sj, and sounding dialectic), Kh, Kk, 'd, Sh, and quite a few vowel varieties... We need to start integrating them into words ASAP, so that it doesn't look like they were a last minute thought.

2007-07-14 pyre builder: K, thought about it a bit, and if they look similar, just change it a little, this is probably either gold or red dialect anyway, different races would warp it slightly.

1 )Ir
5 )Arsik (ark)
10 )Ima-ni (imi)
50 )Arsana-ni (arsani)
100 )Ir-nihi-ni (ikkani)
500 )Arsana-nihi-ni (arsahin)
1K )Shir’d
5K )Arsana-shir’d (arsir’d)
10K )imi-shir’d (imiir’d)
50K )arsani-shir’d (arsini’d)
100K )ikkani-shir’d (ikkir’d)
500K )arsahin-shir’d (arin’d)
1M )djassa (dij)
5M )Arsana-djassa (adidj)
10M )ima-djassa (issai)
50M )Arsana-djassa (ardij)
100M )ikkani-djassa (ikkjas)
500M )arsahin-djassa (aris’jas)
Apokke’d (1B)

Decimal is ۸, but down low, like a normal decimal's position.
Negative is normal.
Decimal: dravit
Negative: stravik

thanks. -pyrebuilder

2007-07-14 pyre builder: oh, sry ill send you an e-mail that is easier to read.

2007-07-15 pyre builder: sorry, i gave you the new word for negative twice, the second one is better.

2007-08-16 Artemis Crow: this is a pretty cool site you guys have running, Prye builder told me about in in life and i havn't really checked it out in detail until now, well, at least i have some motivation to help him out now! See you guys sometime in the future....bye!

2007-09-21 [xido]: I agree, 'stravik' is cooler, but let's make the K a Kk (rolling or clicking K).  ... So 'stravikk'.

Thanks, Artemis. I appreciate the input. Are there any letter-sounds that you don't understand?

Sorry I am not around too much... Not much online access at the moment. Will continue this project as time goes on.

2007-09-26 Ryn: If I've somehow skipped over the note for this and am asking a redundant question, then I apologize in advance. I have the Races of the Dragon book with the Draconic Language Appendix in it, so I'm going off of that and the info on this site, and so far as I can tell from the sample translations and whatnot dragons do no conjugate their verbs? Just checking to make sure that is correct or if you have any information regarding verb tenses and conjugation.



2007-10-20 pyrebuilder: not really, if you want to get more into the draconic language, i would recommend getting the draconomicon, which explains far more about how the language is used (i thought so, look over a friends' copy) it also explains a lot about culture. (helpfull for creating new words)

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