May only be done when...
The King has not yet moved.
The King is not in check
There are no pieces between the Rook and the King.
The Rook that is castling with the King has not moved yet.
When the Castle occurs, it can either be to the left or the right, the King moves to the square next to the Rook on the outside, and the Rook moves one square outside of the King on the outside. (Leaving the square that the Rook was in empty, followed by the King, then by the Rook)
- Chess Class
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