Wiki:
Page name: alchemical science [Logged in view] [RSS]
2007-06-18 21:22:20
Last author: Firenze
Owner: Thunder Cid
# of watchers: 6
Fans: 0
D20: 1
Bookmark and Share
<img:stuff/ETA_Chemistry.jpg>


<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Alchemical Science

Taught By: [Thunder Cid]


<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Alchemy is an ancient path of spiritual purification and transformation; the expansion of consciousness and the development of insight and intuition through images. Alchemy is steeped in mysticism and mystery. It presents to the initiate a system of eternal, dreamlike, esoteric symbols that have the power to alter consciousness and connect the human soul to the Divine.

Alchemy is part of the mystical and mystery traditions of both East and West. In the West, it dates to ancient Egypt, where adepts first developed it as an early form of chemistry and metallurgy. Egyptians alchemists used their art to make alloys, dyes, perfumes and cosmetic jewelry, and to embalm the dead.

The early Arabs made significant contributions to alchemy, such as by emphasizing the mysticism of numbers (quantities and lengths of time for processes). The Arabs also gave us the term 'alchemy', from the Arabic term 'alchimia', which loosely translated means 'the Egyptian art'.

During medieval and Renaissance times, alchemy spread through the Western world, and was further developed by Kabbalists, Rosicrucians, astrologers and other occultists. It functioned on two levels: mundane and spiritual. On a mundane level, alchemists sought to find a physical process to convert base metals such as lead into gold. On a spiritual level, alchemists worked to purify themselves by eliminating the "base" material of the self and achieving the 'gold' of enlightenment.

By Renaissance times, many alchemists believed that the spiritual purification was necessary in order to achieve the mundane transformations of metals.

The alchemists relied heavily upon their dreams, inspirations and visions for guidance in perfecting their art. In order to protect their secrets, they recorded diaries filled with mysterious symbols rather than text. These symbols remain exceptionally potent for changing states of consciousness.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Students

1.[lenardo]
2.[Nait]
3.[AnimeSiren2005]
4.[Boba Fett]
5.
6.
7.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Brief Outline:
1.Philosophers' Stone
2.Nature and significance
3.The chemistry of alchemy
4.Goals
5.Regional variations
 I.Chinese alchemy
 II.Indian alchemy
 III.Hellenistic alchemy
 IV.Arabic alchemy
6.Common Elements
7.Classisial Elements
8.Classicial Principles
9.Laws of Alchemy
10.THE EIGHT HERMETIC PRINCIPLES
11.alchemical definitions

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Philosophers Stone

Alchemy is a form of speculative thought that, among other aims, tried to transform base metals such as lead or copper into silver or gold and to discover a cure for disease and a way of extending life.

Alchemy was the name given in Latin Europe in the 12th century to an aspect of thought that corresponds to astrology, which is apparently an older tradition. Both represent attempts to discover the relationship of man to the cosmos and to exploit that relationship to his benefit. The first of these objectives may be called scientific, the second technological. Astrology is concerned with man's relationship to "the stars" (including the members of the solar system); alchemy, with terrestrial nature. But the distinction is far from absolute, since both are interested in the influence of the stars on terrestrial events. Moreover, both have always been pursued in the belief that the processes human beings witness in heaven and on earth manifest the will of the Creator and, if correctly understood, will yield the key to the Creator's intentions.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Nature and significance

That both astrology and alchemy may be regarded as fundamental aspects of thought is indicated by their apparent universality. It is notable, however, that the evidence is not equally substantial in all times and places. Evidence from ancient Middle America (Aztecs, Mayans) is still almost nonexistent; evidence from India is tenuous and from ancient China, Greece, and Islamic lands is only relatively more plentiful. A single manuscript of some 80,000 words is the principal source for the history of Greek alchemy. Chinese alchemy is largely recorded in about 100 "books" that are part of the Taoist canon. Neither Indian nor Islamic alchemy has ever been collected, and scholars are thus dependent for their knowledge of the subject on occasional allusions in works of natural philosophy and medicine, plus a few specifically alchemical works.

Nor is it really clear what alchemy was (or is). The word is a European one, derived from Arabic, but the origin of the root word, chem, is uncertain. Words similar to it have been found in most ancient languages, with different meanings, but conceivably somehow related to alchemy. In fact, the Greeks, Chinese, and Indians usually referred to what Westerners call alchemy as "The Art," or by terms denoting change or transmutation.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


The chemistry of alchemy

Superficially, the chemistry involved in alchemy appears a hopelessly complicated succession of heatings of multiple mixtures of obscurely named materials, but it seems likely that a relative simplicity underlies this complexity. The metals gold, silver, copper, lead, iron, and tin were all known before the rise of alchemy. Mercury, the liquid metal, certainly known before 300 BC, when it appears in both Eastern and Western sources, was crucial to alchemy. Sulfur, "the stone that burns," was also crucial. It was known from prehistoric times in native deposits and was also given off in metallurgic processes (the "roasting" of sulfide ores). Mercury united with most of the other metals, and the amalgam formed coloured powders (the sulfides) when treated with sulfur. Mercury itself occurs in nature in a red sulfide, cinnabar, which can also be made artificially. All of these, except possibly the last, were operations known to the metallurgist and were adopted by the alchemist.

The alchemist added the action on metals of a number of corrosive salts, mainly the vitriols (copper and iron sulfates), alums (the aluminum sulfates of potassium and ammonium), and the chlorides of sodium and ammonium. And he made much of arsenic's property of colouring metals. All of these materials, except the chloride of ammonia, were known in ancient times. Known as sal ammoniac in the West, nao sha in China, nao sadar in India, and nushadir in Persia and Arabic lands, the chloride of ammonia first became known to the West in the Chou-i ts'an t'ung ch'i, a Chinese treatise of the 2nd century AD. It was to be crucial to alchemy, for on sublimation it dissociates into antagonistic corrosive materials, ammonia and hydrochloric acid, which readily attack the metals. Until the 9th century it seems to have come from a single source, the Flame Mountain (Huo-yen Shan) near T'u-lu-p'an (Turfan), in Central Asia.

Finally, the manipulation of these materials was to lead to the discovery of the mineral acids, the history of which began in Europe in the 13th century. The first was probably nitric acid, made by distilling together saltpetre (potassium nitrate) and vitriol or alum. More difficult to discover was sulfuric acid, which was distilled from vitriol or alum alone but required apparatus resistant to corrosion and heat. And most difficult was hydrochloric acid, distilled from common salt or sal ammoniac and vitriol or alum, for the vapours of this acid cannot be simply condensed but must be dissolved in water.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Goals

"Transmutation" is the key word characterizing alchemy, and it may be understood in several ways: in the changes that are called chemical, in physiological changes such as passing from sickness to health, in a hoped-for transformation from old age to youth, or even in passing from an earthly to a supernatural existence. Alchemical changes seem always to have been positive, never involving degradation except as an intermediate stage in a process having a "happy ending." Alchemy aimed at the great human "goods": wealth, longevity, and immortality.

Alchemy was not original in seeking these goals, for it had been preceded by religion, medicine, and metallurgy. The first chemists were metallurgists, who were perhaps the most successful practitioners of the arts in antiquity. Their theories seem to have come not from science but from folklore and religion. The miner and metallurgist, like the agriculturalist, in this view, accelerate the normal maturation of the fruits of the earth, in a magico-religious relationship with nature. In primitive societies the metallurgist is often a member of an occult religious society.

But the first ventures into natural philosophy, the beginnings of what is called the scientific view, also preceded alchemy. Systems of five almost identical basic elements were postulated in China, India, and Greece, according to a view in which nature comprised antagonistic, opposite forces--hot and cold, positive and negative, and male and female; i.e., primitive versions of the modern conception of energy. Drawing on a similar astrological heritage, philosophers found correspondences among the elements, planets, and metals. In short, both the chemical arts and the theories of the philosophers of nature had become complex before alchemy appeared.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Regional variations

Chinese alchemy


Neither in China nor in the West can scholars approach with certitude the origins of alchemy, but the evidences in China appear to be slightly older. Indeed, Chinese alchemy was connected with an enterprise older than metallurgy--i.e., medicine. Belief in physical immortality among the Chinese seems to go back to the 8th century BC, and belief in the possibility of attaining it through drugs to the 4th century BC. The magical drug, namely the "elixir of life" (elixir is the European word), is mentioned about that time, and that most potent elixir, "drinkable gold," which was a solution (usually imaginary) of this corrosion-resistant metal, as early as the 1st century BC--many centuries before it is heard of in the West.

Although non-Chinese influences (especially Indian) are possible, the genesis of alchemy in China may have been a purely domestic affair. It emerged during a period of political turmoil, the Warring States Period (from the 5th to the 3rd century BC), and it came to be associated with Taoism--a mystical religion founded by the 6th-century-BC sage Lao-tzu--and its sacred book, the Tao-te Ching ("Classic of the Way of Power"). The Taoists were a miscellaneous collection of "outsiders"--in relation to the prevailing Confucians--and such mystical doctrines as alchemy were soon grafted onto the Taoist canon. What is known of Chinese alchemy is mainly owing to that graft, and especially to a collection known as Y¸n chi ch'i ch'ien ("Seven Tablets in a Cloudy Satchel"), which is dated 1023. Thus, sources on alchemy in China (as elsewhere) are compilations of much earlier writings.

The oldest known Chinese alchemical treatise is the Chou-i ts'an t'ung ch'i ("Commentary on the I Ching"). In the main it is an apocryphal interpretation of the I Ching ("Classic of Changes"), an ancient classic especially esteemed by the Confucians, relating alchemy to the mystical mathematics of the 64 hexagrams (six-line figures used for divination). Its relationship to chemical practice is tenuous, but it mentions materials (including sal ammoniac) and implies chemical operations. The first Chinese alchemist who is reasonably well known was Ko Hung (AD 283-343), whose book Pao-p'u-tzu (pseudonym of Ko Hung) contains two chapters with obscure recipes for elixirs, mostly based on mercury or arsenic compounds. The most famous Chinese alchemical book is the Tan chin yao ch¸eh ("Great Secrets of Alchemy"), probably by Sun Ssu-miao (AD 581-after 673). It is a practical treatise on creating elixirs (mercury, sulfur, and the salts of mercury and arsenic are prominent) for the attainment of immortality, plus a few for specific cures for disease and such other purposes as the fabrication of precious stones.

Altogether, the similarities between the materials used and the elixirs made in China, India, and the West are more remarkable than are their differences. Nonetheless, Chinese alchemy differed from that of the West in its objective. Whereas in the West the objective seems to have evolved from gold to elixirs of immortality to simply superior medicines, neither the first nor the last of these objectives seems ever to have been very important in China.

Chinese alchemy was consistent from first to last, and there was relatively little controversy among its practitioners, who seem to have varied only in their prescriptions for the elixir of immortality or perhaps only over their names for it, of which one Sinologist has counted about 1,000. In the West there were conflicts between advocates of herbal and "chemical" (i.e., mineral) pharmacy, but in China mineral remedies were always accepted. There were, in Europe, conflicts between alchemists who favoured gold making and those who thought medicine the proper goal, but the Chinese always favoured the latter. Since alchemy rarely achieved any of these goals, it was an advantage to the Western alchemist to have the situation obscured, and the art survived in Europe long after Chinese alchemy had simply faded away.

Chinese alchemy followed its own path. Whereas the Western world, with its numerous religious promises of immortality, never seriously expected alchemy to fulfill that goal, the deficiencies of Chinese religions in respect to promises of immortality left that goal open to the alchemist. A serious reliance on medical elixirs that were in varying degrees poisonous led the alchemist into permanent exertions to moderate those poisons, either through variation of the ingredients or through chemical manipulations. The fact that immortality was so desirable and the alchemist correspondingly valued enabled the British historian of science Joseph Needham to tabulate a series of Chinese emperors who probably died of elixir poisoning. Ultimately a succession of royal deaths made alchemists and emperors alike more cautious, and Chinese alchemy vanished (probably as the Chinese adopted Buddhism, which offered other, less dangerous avenues to immortality), leaving its literary manifestations embedded in the Taoist canons.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Indian alchemy



The oldest Indian writings, the Vedas (Hindu sacred scriptures), contain the same hints of alchemy that are found in evidence from ancient China, namely vague references to a connection between gold and long life. Mercury, which was so vital to alchemy everywhere, is first mentioned in the 4th- to 3rd-century-BC Artha-sastra, about the same time it is encountered in China and in the West. Evidence of the idea of transmuting base metals to gold appears in 2nd- to 5th-century-AD Buddhist texts, about the same time as in the West. Since Alexander the Great had invaded India in 325 BC, leaving a Greek state (Gandhara) that long endured, the possibility exists that the Indians acquired the idea from the Greeks, but it could have been the other way around.

It is also possible that the alchemy of medicine and immortality came to India from China, or vice versa; in any case, gold making appears to have been a minor concern, and medicine the major concern, of both cultures. But the elixir of immortality was of little importance in India (which had other avenues to immortality). The Indian elixirs were mineral remedies for specific diseases or, at the most, to promote long life.

As in China and the West, alchemy in India came to be associated with religious mysticism, but much later--not until the rise of Tantrism (an esoteric, occultic, meditative system), AD 1100-1300. To Tantrism are owed writings that are clearly alchemical (such as the 12th-century Rasarnava, or "Treatise on Metallic Preparations").

From the earliest records of Indian natural philosophy, which date from the 5th-3rd centuries BC, theories of nature were based on conceptions of material elements (fire, wind, water, earth, and space), vitalism ("animated atoms"), and dualisms of love and hate or action and reaction. The alchemist coloured metals and on occasion "made" gold, but he gave little importance to that. His six metals (gold, silver, tin, iron, lead, and copper), each further subdivided (five kinds of gold, etc.), were "killed" (i.e., corroded) but not "resurrected," as was the custom of Western alchemy. Rather, they were killed to make medicines. Although "the secrets of mercurial lore" became part of the Tantric rite, mercury seems to have been much less important than in China.

The Indians exploited metal reactions more widely, but, although they possessed from an early date not only vitriol and sal ammoniac but also saltpetre, they nevertheless failed to discover the mineral acids. This is the more remarkable because India was long the principal source of saltpetre, which occurs as an efflorescence on the soil, especially in populous tropical countries. But it lacks the high degree of corrosivity of metals possessed by the vitriols and chlorides and played a small part in early alchemy. Saltpetre appears particularly in 9th- to 11th-century-AD Indian and Chinese recipes for fireworks, one of which--a mixture of saltpetre, sulfur, and charcoal--is gunpowder. Saltpetre first appears in Europe in the 13th century, along with the modern formula for gunpowder and the recipe for nitric acid.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Hellenistic alchemy



Western alchemy may go back to the beginnings of the Hellenistic period (c. 300 BC-c. AD 300), although the earliest alchemist whom authorities have regarded as authentic is Zosimos of Panopolis (Egypt), who lived near the end of the period. He is one of about 40 authors represented in a compendium of alchemical writings that was probably put together in Byzantium (Constantinople) in the 7th or 8th century AD and that exists in manuscripts in Venice and Paris. Synesius, the latest author represented, lived in Byzantium in the 4th century. The earliest is the author designated Democritus but identified by scholars with Bolos of Mende, a Hellenized Egyptian who lived in the Nile Delta about 200 BC.

He is represented by a treatise called Physica et mystica ("Natural and Mystical Things"), a kind of recipe book for dyeing and colouring but principally for the making of gold and silver. The recipes are stated obscurely and are justified with references to the Greek theory of elements and to astrological theory. Most end with the phrase "One nature rejoices in another nature; one nature triumphs over another nature; one nature masters another nature," which authorities variously trace to the Magi (Zoroastrian priests), Stoic pantheism (a Greek philosophy concerned with nature), or to the 4th-century-BC Greek philosopher Aristotle. It was the first of a number of such aphorisms over which alchemists were to speculate for many centuries.

In 1828 a group of ancient papyrus manuscripts written in Greek was purchased in Thebes (Egypt), and about a half-century later it was noticed that among them, divided between libraries in Leyden (The Netherlands) and Stockholm, was a tract very like the Physica et mystica. It differed, however, in that it lacked the former's theoretical embellishments and stated in some recipes that only fraudulent imitation of gold and silver was intended. Scholars believe that this kind of work was the ancestor both of the Physica et mystica and of the ordinary artist's recipe book. The techniques were ancient. Archaeology has revealed metal objects inlaid with colours obtained by grinding metals with sulfur, and Homer's description (8th century BC) of the shield of Achilles gives the impression that the artist in his time was virtually able to paint in metal.

Democritus is praised by most of the other authors in the Venice-Paris manuscript, and he is much commented upon. But only Zosimos shows what had become of alchemy after Bolos of Mende. His theory is luxuriant in imagery, beginning with a discussion of "the composition of waters, movement, growth, embodying and disembodying, drawing the spirits from bodies and binding the spirits within bodies" and continuing in the same vein. The "base" metals are to be "ennobled" (to gold) by killing and resurrecting them, but his practice is full of distillation and sublimation, and he is obsessed with "spirits." Theory and practice are joined in the concept that success depends upon the production of a series of colours, usually black, white, yellow, and purple, and that the colours are to be obtained through Theion hydor (divine or sulfur water--it could mean either).

Zosimos credits these innovations mainly to Maria (sometimes called "the Jewess"), who invented the apparatus, and to Agathodaimon, probably a pseudonym. Neither is represented (beyond Zosimos' references) in the Venice-Paris manuscript, but a tract attributed to Agathodaimon, published in 1953, shows him to be preoccupied with the colour sequence and complicating it by using arsenic instead of sulfur. Thus, the colour-producing potentialities of chemistry were considerable by the time of Zosimos.

Zosimos also shows that alchemical theory came to focus on the idea that there exists a substance that can bring about the desired transformation instantly, magically, or, as a modern chemist might say, catalytically. He called it "the tincture," and had several. It was also sometimes called "the powder" (xerion), which was to pass through Arabic into Latin as elixir and finally (signifying its inorganic nature) as the "philosopher's stone," "a stone which is not a stone," as the alchemists were wont to say. It was sometimes called a medicine for the rectification of "base" or "sick" metals, and from this it was a short step to view it as a drug for the rectification of human maladies. Zosimos notes the possibility, in passing. When the objective of alchemy became human salvation, the material constitution of the elixir became less important than the incantations that accompanied its production. Synesius, the last author in the Venice-Paris manuscript, already defined alchemy as a mental operation, independent of the science of matter.

Thus, Greek alchemy came to resemble, in both theory and practice, that of China and India. But its objectives included gold making; thus it remained fundamentally different.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Arabic alchemy



Arabic alchemy is as mysterious as Greek in its origins, and the two seem to have been significantly different. The respect in which Physica et mystica was held by the Greek alchemists was bestowed by the Arabs on a different work, the Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistos, the reputed Hellenistic author of various alchemical, occultic, and theological works. Beginning "That which is above is like to that which is below, and that which is below is like to that which is above," it is brief, theoretical, and astrological. Hermes "the thrice great" (Trismegistos) was a Greek version of the Egyptian god Thoth and the supposed founder of an astrological philosophy that is first noted in 150 BC. The Emerald Tablet, however, comes from a larger work called Book of the Secret of Creation, which exists in Latin and Arabic manuscripts and was thought by the Muslim alchemist ar-Razi to have been written during the reign of Caliph al-Ma'mun (AD 813-833), though it has been attributed to the 1st-century-AD pagan mystic Apollonius of Tyana.

Some scholars have suggested that Arabic alchemy descended from a western Asiatic school and that Greek alchemy was derived from an Egyptian school. As far as is known, the Asiatic school was not Chinese or Indian. What is known is that Arabic alchemy was associated with a specific city in Syria, Harran, which seems to have been a fountainhead of alchemical notions. And it is possible that the distillation ideology and its spokeswoman, Maria--as well as Agathodaimon--represented the alchemy of Harran, which presumably migrated to Alexandria and was incorporated into the alchemy of Zosimos.

The existing versions of the Book of the Secret of Creation have been carried back only to the 7th or 6th century but are believed by some to represent much earlier writings, although not necessarily those of Apollonius himself. He is the subject of an ancient biography that says nothing about alchemy, but neither does the Emerald Tablet nor the rest of the Book of the Secret of Creation. On the other hand, their theories of nature have an alchemical ring, and the Book mentions the characteristic materials of alchemy, including, for the first time in the West, sal ammoniac. It was clearly an important book to the Arabs, most of whose eminent philosophers mentioned alchemy, although sometimes disapprovingly.

Those who practiced it were even more interested in literal gold making than had been the Greeks. The most well-attested and probably the greatest Arabic alchemist was ar-Razi (c. 850-923/924), a Persian physician who lived in Baghdad. The most famous was Jabir ibn Hayyan, now believed to be a name applied to a collection of "underground writings" produced in Baghdad after the theological reaction against science. In any case, the Jabirian writings are very similar to those of ar-Razi.

Ar-Razi classified the materials used by the alchemist into "bodies" (the metals), stones, vitriols, boraxes, salts, and "spirits," putting into the latter those vital (and sublimable) materials, mercury, sulfur, orpiment and realgar (the arsenic sulfides), and sal ammoniac. Much is made of sal ammoniac, the reactive powers of which seem to have given Western alchemy a new lease on life. Ar-Razi and the Jabirian writers were really trying to make gold, through the catalytic action of the elixir. Both wrote much on the compounding of "strong waters," an enterprise that was ultimately to lead to the discovery of the mineral acids, but students have been no more able to find evidence of this discovery in the writings of the Arabic alchemists than in those of China and India. The Arabic strong waters were merely corrosive salt solutions.

Ar-Razi's writing represents the apogee of Arabic alchemy, so much so that students of alchemy have little evidence of its later reorientation toward mystical or quasi-religious objectives. Nor does it seem to have turned to medicine, which remained independent. But there was a tendency in Arabic medicine to give greater emphasis to mineral remedies and less to the herbs that had been the chief medicines of the earlier Greek and Arabic physicians. The result was a pharmacopoeia not of elixirs but of specific remedies that are inorganic in origin and not very different from the elixirs of ar-Razi. This new pharmacopoeia was taken to Europe by Constantine of Africa, a Baghdad-educated Muslim who died in 1087 as a Christian monk at Monte Cassino (Italy). The pharmacopoeia also appeared in Spain in the 11th century and passed from there to Latin Europe, along with the Arabic alchemical writings, which were translated into Latin in the 12th century.



<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


           Laws of Alchemy
1) Duad: Unified Duality
The first thing one must 'accept' (and there is no other way of dealing with it!,) is that EVERY "THING" IS A LIFE, and EVERY "LIFE" IS PART "THING."

'Creative' or Original 'Entities'
There are a small number of "Original Creative Forces" each of which is a Unified Duality composed of LIFE and A SPECIFIC GEOMETRIC SHAPE. These were later identified as 'the Five Platonic Solids' of classical western science; but to Egyptians they were 'the Fathers of all other Natures.' The Five Causal Geometries are:

TETRAHEDRON: the Force Of ATTAINING DIALOGUE
Meaning "a Four-sided Solid," the Tetrahedron is the 'appliance' by which direct communication can be established between oneself and any other 'self' whether spiritual or material in form. Plato identified the 'static' Tetrahedron as a 'pyramidal' form whose base and sides are each a triangle.. though that is not the only 'possible' Tetrahedral shape. Our Alchemy uses a CYLINDER composed of the four sides identified as 'outside, inside, top edge and bottom edge;' and this is used to "channel" substances or other dialogues into the 'alembic' or Vessel holding the symbolic or elementary "subject-matter."

DODECAHEDRON: The Force Of CREATIVE COMMAND
This "Twelve-sided Solid" or Dodecahedral object is recognized by all of the ancient Master Alchemists as the most 'Causal' of Geometries; it equates with 'a direct Command from God' in it's effect on the subject-matter when the alembic containing it is placed within such a geometry. Again, there are several ways of arriving at a 12-sided Solid.. though only one of those was recognized as 'perfect' by Plato, we use a variant based upon two hexahedral 'pyramids' conjoined at their bases.. placed in conjunction with the alembic.

HEXAHEDRON: The force Of TRANSMUTATION OF FORM
The CUBE or "Six-sided Solid" is used to cause a subject-matter to become "pliant" of form.. allowing the Alchemist to 'channel' into it instructions for a more desirable form it should take. Once that form has become 'idealized' or approximating the intended goal, this geometry is immediately replaced with the following..

PENTAHEDRON: The Force Of PRESERVATION OF FORM
Meaning "a Five-sided Solid" the PYRAMID is the most famous and visable of the Egyptian Alchemical Geometries, since it was used on a grand scale to induce Preservation Of Form for royalty. Placed around the alembic in which a subject-matter has attained desired form, this geometry causes that form to be PERFECTED and RETAINED ad infinitum.

ICOSAHEDRON: The Force Of INTER-RELATIONSHIP
The final essential in any 'new creation' is that it be able to 'relate' with the rest of Reality. This "Twenty-sided Solid" bestows that ability. While Plato identified this shape as 'angular' and precise as an ABSTRACT IDEAL, we recognize it as the ancestral form of THE SPHERE, which we place around the alembic, thus in effect 'Circling the Square' or causing Inter-relatedness to occur for the Product. Normally this triggers either the 'Fulminato' or 'Magnum Opus' Stage of it's completion.

'Created' or non-original 'Entities'
Each 'Neteru' or Spiritual Force in the Universe (other than those original 'fathers of all other Natures') is described as a Composite 'Being' made up of some 'non-human' ("thing"-like) but living form, conjoined to a 'human' other half. While it may well be that this "Anthropomorphic" view of Nature is simply all we can SEE IT AS because we are ourselves human-shaped (and thus can only relate with something as 'intelligent' if it has human shape,) the end-result is the same as if these Anthropomorphic Nature-Forces actually ARE half-man/half-animal Lifeforms.

A basic list of the most important of these diety-forms is provided in our article on The Egyptian Mystical Rites. You may find it useful to contact them each (in the original Egyptian OR the more modern Hebraic Kaballist practices) as you progress through your studies in Alchemy.

The process of "talking" to 'the lesser gods' of the Egyptian pantheon involves learning the Anthropomorphic Form of the Nature they embody.. and then opening a dialogue with them by use of the Original Creative Geometries. This allows one to 'transmute' or 'alter' your relation to them, by "Spiritual Alchemy." Likewise, the same approach is used for "talking" to Matter; one must learn the true 'Nature' of it's element-form, and then use the "Causal Geometries" to open a dialogue with them. While it has become traditional to refer to this process of Neteru-contact as 'the old Egyptian religion,' that is a misnomer; it was in fact not 'religion' but A TOTEMIC SCIENCE, part of the larger science that we today inherit as Spiritual Alchemy.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


2) Tetramorphic Progression: the Four Stages
Once ANY Nature has been contacted by use of Alchemical forces, there begins a Four-Stage "Evolutionary Process" that leads in fixed steps to whatever 'goal' one has set-out to attain. These Four Stages are represented as THE 'ASCENDING SCALE OF ALCHEMICAL COLORS.' While it may seem improbable to the inexperienced mind, each Alchemically-triggered Evolutionary Phase actually DOES produce some manifestation of the color of that Phase of Alchemy. The Four Color-Phases are (in sequential order:)

BLACK: 'Massa Confusa'
In this initial Stage, the 'subject' seems both confused and vague; disorder is the keynote, and one may wonder if any good could come of this! Patient observation soon reveals an emerging 'Product' though it is quite primitive and only slowly does it move toward your goal.

WHITE: 'Purifactio'
In this second Stage, the emerging product enters a rather extreme period of 'purging;' it sheds the confusion and vagueness of it's origins.. but may seem to have completely missed the intended direction of evolution! Further patience reveals that this Stage has further solidified the Product as a "workable nucleus" which can later be turned into a more desirable direction of growth.

RED: 'Fulminato'
Now in this third Stage the Alchemy becomes quite apparent; the formerly rather distorted Product now begins to show clear signs that it is moving in the desired direction of growth. Patience is less needed now than is CAUTION; the Alchemy here can be sometimes quite 'explosive' and fast-paced! At times, one may feel that it is all getting QUITE out of hand!, and then suddenly..

GOLD: 'Magnum Opus'
The Product solidifies into a FUNCTIONING or 'living' REALITY that fulfills the goal intended (and usually quite a bit MORE than ever expected!) One may be tempted to think the work <is 'done' when it attains this Stage; but it may still need to 'cool' or temper into final form over a brief period of functional use. Sudden 'proofs' of the final Product's desirability emerge, to inform the Alchemist that his Great Work has been attained.

Any deliberate use of this Four-Stage Color Symbolization (even as simple a use as dressing oneself in the four colors sequentially!,) can trigger Alchemical results, though (naturally) only on a minor level unless the Creative Forces of Causal Geometry are also employed. Many people find Color-Alchemy sufficient for their self-transformations. But, should you wish a more detailed description of the complex process of Spiritual Alchemy as performed in our tradition, we recommend you study The Shining Tree Self-Work-Book

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>

THE EIGHT HERMETIC PRINCIPLES

The principles of truth are seven; the seven hermetic principals, upon which the entire Hermetic philosophy is based, are as follows:

1.The Principle of mentalism: "The All is mind, the Universe is mental."

2.The Principle of correspondence: "As above, so below; as below, so above."

3.The principle of vibration: "Nothing rests, everything moves; everything vibrates."

4.The principal of polarity: "Everything is dual; everything has poles; everything has its pair of opposites; like and unlike are all the same; opposites are identical in nature, but different in degree; extremes meet; all truths are but half-truths; all paradoxes may be reconciled."

5.The principle of rhythm: "Everything flows, out and in; everything has its tides; all things rise and fall; the pendulum swing manifests in everything; the measure of the swing to the right is the measure of the swing to the left; rhythm compensates."

6.The principle of cause and effect: "Every cause has its effect; every effect has its cause; everything happens according to law; chance is but a name for law not recognized; there are many planes of causation, but nothing escapes the law."

8.The principal of Gender: "Gender is in everything; everything has its masculine and feminine principle; Gender manifests on all planes."

In our present time and in our daily life, the Hermetic-Judeo-Christian teachings are firmly embedded on the back of the United States one dollar bill...(The Great Seal of the United States; "It's history, symbolism and message for the New Age." Paul Foster Case.) Today we see the wand of Hermes as the symbol for the medical profession. Hermes is the father of occultism as well as the father of Alchemy (chemistry) and astrology (astronomy). When we speak of Hermes we are speaking of pure intelligence itself.

Hermes Trismegustus may be viewed as the Divine Physician and as the messenger of the Gods, the gods being the Elohim. The creative powers of God which are Seven in number and are the seven colors of the rainbow. The Elohim are the thrones about the One God, the One Being, the Light Itself. The Elohim are the creative potencies of the God head itself and are represented on the tree of life as the seven sephoroth. These sephoroth have direct correspondences to the seven centers of the human bodies and communicate to the "physical" form through the vital centers known as chakras. In this way, life itself communicates and sustains its forms through a step-down of energy. These chakras flow into and communicate with the nerve plexuses as seen on page one. They sustain and maintain the physical vehicle and serve as a direct communication bridge to higher intelligence.

Healing is a positive change of vibration-Hermetic alchemy is the art and science of self- transformation through knowledge.

Alchemy also means Union with God (truth, beauty, principle) through science. Alchemy is the science of magic.

Man (Woman) is living mind, sustained by spirit. Man (Woman) is the microcosm, within the macrocosm and as such we truly are gods and goddesses possessing within ourselves all the powers of consciousness which are inherent within the mother-father mind. See "Man Know Thyself".

Mental transmutation- "Mind (body) may be transmuted, from state to state; degree to degree; condition to condition; pole to pole; vibration to vibration. True Hermetic transmutation is a mental art."

Healing is the art and or science of positively effecting a transformation of mind.

Real healing is the integration of mind and body with spirit (consciousness). See Healing Affirmation and Prayer. Once healed or integrated the alchemist takes an active part in his/her own personal growth.

The Real Healing is knowing that you are One with God (the primal will to God and the infinite creative intelligence of the universe) and that you are God manifesting yourself as you are. This constitutes real knowledge and leads to wisdom which is the direct experience of this sublime truth.

<img:stuff/ETA_divider.jpg>


Return to Chemistry
Return to Elftown Academy





Username (or number or email):

Password:

2006-04-24 [ravenlock]: with enough enery maybe directed to the right area

2006-05-26 [AnimeSiren2005]: To bring the dead back to life...even if you use those beliefs you just discussed wouldn't you need something of more power or something. Because if your comparing with the coal, and i understand the comparison, but coal was never alive to being with and a person was, so if they died wouldn't you need maybe a different enerdy source or a lot of energy to bring life back into the once lived dead rather than the never lived inanimate dead?

2006-05-26 [AnimeSiren2005]: sorry if i'm way off the mark, the question sort of popped in my head.

2006-06-10 [Akeatia]: O.O Who writes this stuff?!? IT'S GREAT!!!

2006-07-03 [Thunder Cid]: that would be I.

2006-10-22 [Thunder Cid]: You have to keep an open mind when you use the word "life" and look at it in a philosophical manner. Ask yourselves: What is life? We do not know what lives and what dosen't. All we can do is keep trying and failing untill we get it right just as a scientist should do.

2006-12-22 [Elftown has failed The emo kids have won]: (quote) "Rocks are not alive, but if enough of them fall off a mountianside it creates living kinetic energy." (/Quote) Would not the rocks have living potential energy before they fall? And assuming that energy is life then the rocks are alive whether they are falling or not. Not in the scientific dephinition of life, of course, but more in a sence that a teddy bear is alive to a child.

2006-12-22 [Thunder Cid]: No, rocks that are not moving have what is called potiental energy(I suggest you pick up a textbook). And I look at it in a scientific point of view, because even though a child may actlike a teddy bear is alive it is really just the the work of an overimagitive imagination. 

2006-12-24 [Elftown has failed The emo kids have won]: you call kinetic energy living but not potential energy? and it is not the imagination of a child that brings life to the teddy bear but the childs heart.

2006-12-24 [Thunder Cid]: Well if you want to talk about heart then go to another department. And yes, I do call kinetic energy living. Maybe if you could look at it through an alchemist eyes.

2006-12-28 [Elftown has failed The emo kids have won]: Does not the Ladder of the Wise lead to the heart, the Phlosiphers Stone being a euphamism for ourselves? I thought alchemy was about finding youself, but perhaps i have just misunderstood... care to explain your veiws or are you just going to try and insult my intelegence again?

2006-12-29 [Thunder Cid]: I and this class are trying to cover scientific alchemy first. Once we get done may you should come back when we talk about theoretical and spiritual alchemy, until then don't write here.

2007-01-02 [Thunder Cid]: Alright lesson #1: I have absolute power of this class and this department. I can delete any message you post here. And finally I'll ask you one more time to not post here because your not here to learn you are here to try to make me look like a fool. And one final note this is off the alchemy web site which I have promply done my share in creating and organizing.

2007-01-07 [Kitailec]: What do you suppose the most common, current forms of alchemy are? The ones more obvious? And at that, the ones more hidden? Also, though there are many different alchemy beliefs, in the end, does all pretty much come down to the same point?

2007-01-07 [Thunder Cid]: Probably what people see on FMA even though it osent exist people swear up and down it does. Prbably the most hidden is the arabic alchemical belief Blanques(if I even spelled that right) which is something I don't want to get into with begginers...sorry. And finally no people use alchemy for different reasons like to obtain wealth, power, and knowledge.

2007-01-07 [Kitailec]: Well if it doesn't, perhaps it did?
Ahh. I see, and yes, I believe you did. I guess I'll search around online to figure it out on my own.
Hmm. I see. I figured that, but, another thing I'm curious of: If people use alchemy for "bad" reasons, is there any supposed "curse" of it?

2007-01-07 [Thunder Cid]: No no never in the history of the universe did the concept of instant alchemical fusion exsit, fermentation takes too long for that kind of speed. trust me your not going to find it every site on the net that deals with alchemy is order by the U.K./U.S.D.A that those documents are not to be made public to  begginers. Yes, but it's more of a disease, it rots the brain and throws the alchemist into hysteria and other mental disorders.

2007-01-07 [Kitailec]: I see. Then, why do you suppose the concept came up in FMA?
Well, there's always a possibility. I'll still look. Hmm. I see, I see. And, by the way, I don't mean to seem contradicting if I do. I actually don't know anything about this, and after reading, I'm just exploring with my mind, I guess.

2007-01-07 [Thunder Cid]: A bunch of writers in a room. Ok nobody really gets it at first.

2007-01-07 [Kitailec]: I can see that that would be a rather large influence, but it still makes you wonder. Well, makes me wonder. About, how exactly that DID come up with the WHOLE concept. They probablly got bits and peices, then used there imagination, but still...it perks my curiosity now. Hmm. I'm sure they don't. And seeing as I ask a lot of questions on things, I'm sure I shouldn't even try to pull myself into this, but I am.

2007-01-07 [Thunder Cid]: Hey, my knowedge is alchemy not production of anime. lets end this conversation and go on to something different.

Number of comments: 51
Older comments: (Last 200) 2 1 .0.

Show these comments on your site

Elftown - Wiki, forums, community and friendship. Sister-site to Elfwood